Danish Pavilion, Shanghai Expo
Sure, the Shanghai World Expo might be the largest World Fair in history, with more than 70 million expected, the majority of visitors coming from China. With the theme of "Better City, Better Life," the Expo will also be thick with urban sustainability related proceedings and exhibits during its May to October gestation.
Shanghai is officially China's largest city, a metro area of more than 18 million that competes with the capital for national prominence (Beijing has an official metro population of 13 million). From Opium Wars and cunning "Green Gangs" (not those Greens!), Shanghai's economy has emerged as the international polestar for service and information industries.
Like other cities approaching 20 million, planning for global climate change and adaptation is of concern. Shanghai is examining how information and communications technologies (ICT) enable low-carbon management; Seoul, Amsterdam and San Francisco similarly have piloted "Connected Urban Development" projects designed by Cisco and MIT over the past few years, mostly in transportation demand management (broadband enabled work centers, handheld transit alerts).
The Expo marks the first time that buzzing Shanghai, and thus China, has publicly focused so much attention on the issue of urban sustainability, in one venue. China's urban population is expected to go from more than 600 million in 2009 to more than 1 billion by 2030.
Shanghai Expo Bureau events are orchestrated by China's national leaders. The Bureau addresses climate change and low-carbon development through the exploration of applied information and communication technologies in the service of sustainability management. The event, referred to as the "Economic Olympics," is a happening staged with great investment: $55 billion.
During a soft launch period in April, officials examined how to make nearby Chongming Island into a low-carbon development. An Expo "ICT and Urban Development" forum earlier in May covered "social responsibilities" as they apply to smart + digital (IT-driven) urban areas.
IBM and Metropolis will be exploring ICT enabled urban management solutions as part of a "Smarter Cities" forum in Shanghai (loosely affiliated with the Expo) on June 2-3. Topics of consideration will include: energy and utilities, water, transportation, healthcare and public safety.
The Climate Group, Metropolis and Cisco--in conjunction with the Shanghai Expo Bureau-- jointly host Partnership for Urban Innovation (PDF) on June 17-18. The two day invite-only confab will cover "Urban Design and Networked Development," "Sustainable Cities: Challenges and Solutions," and "Smart and Connected Urban Mobility."
San Francisco will highlight its urban best practices in sustainability on June 17-25 at the Expo. As a sister city of Shanghai, it is the only US city that Shanghai provided a week for a dedicated display (though Vancouver also boasts an Expo pavilion, also green themed). A delegation from the Bay Area including US Senator Dianne Feinstein and Fog City Mayor Gavin Newsom will be part of a Green Energy Seminar in June that will be broadcast throughout China on China Business Network TV.
Forums on transportation, energy, waste management, water, health services and housing will occur throughout the Expo, leading to a green exit. A thematic week ending October 31, 2010, is devoted to sustainability management in megacities. The Expo finale will also consider the role of an ICT-enabled green economy as it simultaneously emerges in global markets, developing nation cities, and of course, Shanghai.
Warren Karlenzig is president of Common Current, an internationally active urban sustainability strategy consultancy. He is author of How Green is Your City? The SustainLane US City Rankings and a Fellow at the Post Carbon Institute.